There are only three states in the U.S. that provide paid maternity leave for employees: California, New Jersey, and Rhode Island. Given this fact, it is especially rare to find a company that provides such a benefit in the state of Montana.
Paid maternity leave is an elite benefit in the U.S. - USA Today
A growing literature examines the impact of maternity leave on labor market outcomes, documenting effects on job continuity, wage level and growth, labor market attachment and employability (; ; ; ; ). Studies have also examined impacts of maternity leave policies on mother's health around childbirth. In a systematic review (), four of six studies reported positive associations between length of maternity leave and post-partum mental health. Recent studies use variation in policies to study the health effects of maternity leave. Exploiting cross-sectional variation in policies across US states, Chatterji & Markowitz find that longer leave is associated with reductions in depressive symptoms (; ). Dagher & McGovern exploit variation in employer policies and find that increases in leave duration are associated with decreased depressive symptoms until six months after childbirth (). On the other hand, Baker & Milligan find no effect of extensions of paid maternity leave in Canada on maternal or child health (). Two of these studies focus on the United States, where rights to maternity leave are short and unpaid, and all three studies examine relatively short-term effects. The large expansion in paid maternity leave benefits in Europe during previous decades offers a unique source of variation to explore the long-run impact of maternity leave on mothers' mental health.
companies are providing these benefits only to top-level employees.
So, really, what Trump promised on Tuesday night is a program with minimal benefits that would have to be paid for by the states. If you happen to live in California, New York, or states that might be willing to raise their payroll taxes to pay maternity leave through the infrastructure of the unemployment program, it might not be a bad idea. But that’s a far cry from a genuine federal paid maternity leave. It’s also a nonstarter in Republican-leaning states (and woe to those mothers invited to confront the unemployment-insurance bureaucracy). Vroman said that, when presented with a , under Bill Clinton, not a single state legislature wanted to sign on.
Maternity leave in the United States - Wikipedia